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answering questions from journalists, Kwasi Kwarteng, BBC Breakfast

The only guarantees in life: death and taxes

Your job is to reassure.

After something’s gone wrong.

And it’s all going well.

With your smooth words and calm tone.

Until you’re asked the killer question:

“Can you guarantee this will never happen again?”

You want to say yes.

But fear the answer is no.

So what do you do?

Read on.

The incident

Answering questions from journalists, thunderstorm, the incident

Some of us are used to answering questions from journalists.

But many need to reassure family and friends.

Or bosses and colleagues.

When something’s gone badly wrong.

So this question can be asked to any of us.

Flash floods and thunderstorms throughout August in the UK caused major disruption.

One Friday, almost a million people in the UK were left without electricity.

And the east coast rail line closed.

Along with London’s St Pancras International station.

After a major power cut.

And the result?

Travel chaos.

The interview

BBC breakfast, the interview, answering questions from journalists

Energy Minister Kwasi Kwerteng was wheeled out on to BBC Breakfast.

He’s used to answering questions from journalists.

Reassuringly, he described the UK’s energy supply as “exemplary” to presenter Naga Munchetty.

All was going well.

Until Naga reached into her bag of killer questions and asks:

“Can you guarantee it won’t happen again?”

Others might flounder.

But the minister was ready.

Because he’s used to answering questions from journalists.

He fired back:

“I can’t guarantee the sun will rise tomorrow.”

And then you know he’s about to disappear down a rabbit hole.

Naga retorts:

“I’m not asking you to guarantee the sun will rise tomorrow.”

Before pressing the point about guaranteeing an “exemplary” electricity supply.

The guarantee question

Bill McFarlan, The Guarantee question, answering questions from journalists

It brought back memories of similar moments.

From among 4000 media training courses we’ve run.

From our Glasgow studios and across the world.

Safety in Edinburgh

Answering questions from journalists, Edinburgh, safety in edinburgh

Many years ago, I was training a senior official in Edinburgh.

I asked:

“Can you guarantee the safety of students living and studying in this city?”

The reassuring response came:

“Yes I can.”

I probed, cheekily:

“And how will you do that?

“By patrolling the streets personally each night with baseball bat in hand?

“In case any are at risk of being attacked?”

The official struggled, then ran out of steam before observing:

“I can’t, can I?”

The taste of a pint of beer

Answering questions from journalists, taste of beer, pint

We were running another media training course at the HQ of an international brewer.

My colleague Bronson questioned the boss.

Could he guarantee displaced workers would be found new posts elsewhere?

He began confidently:

“The only guarantees in life are death and taxes.”

To which Bronson shot back:

“So you can’t even guarantee the taste of a pint of your beer?”

To which the boss retorted:

“Well yes, I can guarantee that.”

To which Bronson concluded:

“So there are in fact three guarantees in life.

“Death, taxes, and the taste of a pint of your beer.”

Bursting at the seams

Answering questions from journalists, river puente, bursting at the seams

Then there was the new government minister I was training, who had responsibility for the environment.

I asked:

“If you spend one million pounds of taxpayers’ money building this new river defence.

“Can you guarantee it won’t again burst its banks?

“Ruining shops and offices, sending people fleeing from their homes?”

She paused and looked at me for guidance.

I conceded:

“Before you answer differently

“The answer is no.”

The trap

answering questions from journalists, Kwasi Kwarteng, BBC Breakfast

The guarantee question is, in fact, a trick question.

Because it’s only asked when the interviewer knows the answer is ‘no’.

Apparently weakening the interviewee’s case.

And here’s why.

It’s normally impossible to guarantee an outcome.

Especially one outwith your control.

Such as violent power cuts, full employment and flash floods.

What is possible is to guarantee an attitude.

But if you only do that and avoid the question, you break one of our Golden Rules:

A direct question demands a direct answer.

So what we have to say is:

“No, what I can guarantee is…”

What can I guarantee?

Answering questions from journalists, media training, what can i guarantee

Let’s put that to the test with those we’ve tormented.

When answering questions from journalists.

  1.  Can you guarantee the safety of students in this city?

“No, what I can guarantee is that figures show just how safe this city is…”

  1. Can you guarantee displaced workers would be found new posts?

“No, what I can guarantee is that we’ll help people find jobs elsewhere…”

  1.  Can you guarantee the river won’t again burst its banks?

“No, what I can guarantee is that this is another plan to help people take action against floods…”

So instead of commenting on planetary movements.

Mr Kwerteng should answer:

“No, what I can guarantee is that we’ll find out just what went wrong here.

“And take steps to prevent this from happening in future.”

Should the government need help on answering questions from journalists in future.

We’re available at the usual phone number and by email.

Can we guarantee media training ministers would avoid such banana skins in future?


What we can guarantee is that they’ll be much better prepared.


Bill McFarlan is co-Founder and Executive Chairman at Pink Elephant Communications in Glasgow.

You can read his full profile here.


Photos by, juantiagues / CC BY-SA on, BBC Breakfast and Pink Elephant Communications.

21st August 2019 Featured in: Blog, Commentary, Media training blogs By:

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